Web Pages at Midtown Network

 

Midtown Network’s World Wide Web is available to all premium and business account customers. Clients with these types of accounts may build and make available to the world, their own home pages. This document will detail how to go about doing this. It is not meant to be an HTML tutorial, but will list a number of sources of information about using HTML to write your own page.

How it Works

A directory with your user account name is created on our WWW server. You’ll create your web page files on your computer, then transfer them to this directory via FTP. An Internet user with a web browsing program will be able to view your pages by using: http://midtown.net/[your account name]. Anyone who has the address may log into your page, any time of the day. If your page includes a reference to your e-mail address, the Internet surfer can also leave you e-mail.

For business accounts, the address will be "www.your-domain-name.com", since registering your domain name means that you don’t have to preface your page address with our domain name.

What You'll Need

You’ll need an FTP client. We recommend WS_FTP which is available at many of the web based shareware sites. It has the ability to save a particular session address, the user name and the password. WS_FTP can also used to move, rename or delete files, as well as create or delete directories. To maintain your web page directory these functions will be needed.

You’ll also need some way to create HTML files. Anything from a simple text editor to a dedicated program may be used to do this. There are a number of programs available; one of the best we’ve seen is Hotdog, an HTML editor with a number of quick-buttons for previewing your page, adding tags, changing the background, customizing text colors, and so forth.

The thing to remember is that your account on the web server is an FTP account, used to transfer files only. There is no editor or pre-viewer on the web server. It is not the same as having a shell account where you may have access to a UNIX editor. All design, creating, and editing must be done off-line on your system. This is fairly easy to do using programs like Hotdog and Netscape. See the end of this document for help with the configuration settings in Netscape’s Gold version, which has a built-in HTML editor. We also now use Microsoft Internet Information Server, and have the FrontPage extensions installed. See the end of this document for more information about FrontPage.

To use WS_FTP, (or any FTP program) you’ll need to set it so that you connect with the web server and log in with your user name and password. From WS_FTP’s Session Properties screen, click New then enter the following information:

Profile Name: Midtown Web Server
Host Name/Address: midtown.net
Host Type: (leave this Automatic)
User ID: (your user name)
Password: (your password – same as your logon)
Account: (leave this blank)
Don’t check the Anonymous option
Check the Save Pwd option

Leave all other options as they are. Click Apply, then click Connect to connect to the web server. If you are not connected to our system, the Dial-up Networking will start and make the connection.

Directory Structure

When we set up your directory, a sub-directory will be created as /images plus others that are for FrontPage. You can keep or delete these or create other sub-directories if you like. Don’t delete the special directories beginning with the underline character if you plan on using FrontPage! The /images directory can be used for image files and would be referenced as: images/picture.gif. DO NOT create a directory called "gifs" for your image files. "Gifs" is a special shortcut alias (explained below), and will not work when created in your own directory.

Your home page -- the starting point for your web page system -- should be named "default.htm". Named this way, your web page address will be http://midtown.net/[username]. If you name the starting page something else, it will have to be referenced in the address as /[username]/mypage.htm. Business accounts with domain names are treated the same way. If your first page is "default.htm", then it will be displayed without specifically referencing it with your address.

Note that some reference documents say that the index file extension has to be .html, not .htm. Our server can read either .htm or .html as normal extensions for HTML documents; it is not necessary to rename .htm files after you transfer them.

Public Accessable Images

We have put a number of GIF files -- icons, bullets, separator bars, signs, backgrounds, and other symbols -- in directory /pub/images. These image files can be downloaded and used for your off-line building project. Simply FTP to your directory, back up to the root, and change to /pub/images, then to the specific directories to find files. If you set up your working directory (on your machine) using the same layout as the /pub/images directories, except using \gifs as the starting sub-directory, then you won’t have to make any changes when you upload the final HTML. This will work because we’ve set an alias to the /pub/images (actually /inetpub/wwwroot/pub/images/) to equal /gif/.

For example to use the "under construction sign" on your page, the reference would be:

<IMG SRC="/gifs/symbols/at_work.gif">

The true reference is actually: /inetpub/wwwroot/pub/images/symbols/at_work.gif.

Souces of HTML Help

Obviously this document assumes that you have a good understanding of directories, paths, and HTML language. If you are starting with HTML there are quite a few books available in the computer sections of local bookstores, as well as numerous web sites and electronic documents. A good place to start is Netscape’s system using the "Help - How to Create Web Pages" from the Netscape menu bar. Or you can log in direct using:

http://home.netscape.com/home/how-to-create-web-services.html

This page has plenty of other references, which will make you an HTML expert in no time. There is also information about the Netscape HTML extensions, to do backgrounds, text colors, tables and other cool things.

For software updates, one of the best web sites we’ve found is Stroud’s CWSApp’s List at:

http://www.stroud.com

Here you’ll find the latest version of almost every Winsock client program, HTML editors and much more. It is a good site to keep in your bookmark file!

Another good way to learn HTML is by example. With most web browsing clients there is a way to view the source (the actual HTML code) for the particular page you are on. In Netscape use the "View - Source" command. The file itself may be saved to your computer using "File - Save As", then save as an HTML document.

We encourage you to experiment and be creative with your web page!

 

MICROSOFT FRONTPAGE

Our web server supports the FrontPage extensions. This means that you can use Microsoft’s FrontPage web site manager to create and maintain your web pages. After you connect to our system, start FrontPage and use Open Existing Web to open the midtown.net web. Enter "midtown.net" in the entry box. Click List Webs and you’ll see a list of the users who are on this server. Highlight your name and click OK. This will open your web and you’ll be able to use the editor to design your page. When you save a page, it will automatically update the page on the server.

 

NETSCAPE NAVIGATOR GOLD (version 3.x)

Netscape Navigator Gold for Windows 95 has a built-in HTML editor and publishing system. After set up, it will let you build a web page then automatically send it to our web server when the "Publish" button is pressed. Make these settings so that the program will know where to send your finished page.

Click Options, then Editor Preferences and set the tabs:

General

Author name: (your name)

External editors: Both of these can be left blank, or if you prefer to use another program as a text or image editor, you can enter the path here. For example you could use Notepad as your editor and Paint Shop Pro as your image editor. There is a built in editor for the text, but if you are editing images you will need an external program.

New document template: Default is Netscape’s home page. Use as a starting point, or you can change to a location on your hard drive if you develop your own set of templates. Remember, you have to be connected to the system to use Netscape’s templates.

Appearance

This tab will set the defaults for your new pages. They can be anything of your choice.

Publish

Link and Images: For developing pages on your machine, then sending them to our server, both these items should be checked.

Publish to: ftp://midtown.net

Browse to: http://midtown.net/<username>/default.htm

User name: <username> (your log on name)

Password: xxxxxxxx (your log on password - the one we gave you, and remember that it is case sensitive, that is upper and lower case matters)

Save password: checked

Your "home page" should be named default.htm. This will allow you to give out your address as just "http://midtown.net/<username> - "default.htm" is added automatically.